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Sunday, September 22, 2013

Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Weapons but not only Threaten World Peace


DEAR FELLOWS CHAIRESTHAI,
OUR STANCE FOR ASSAD'S REGIME IS  KNOWN AND POSTED SOME YEARS AGO.
ASSAD FAMILY SHOULD ORGANIZE A DEPART FROM ITS DICTATORSHIP,BY PERMITTING,FACILITATING THE  ESTABLISHMENT OF A DEMOCRATIC STATE AND STOP RULING THE COUNTRY,ANY MORE.
EVEN THOUGH A MASSACRE IS HAPPENING IN SYRIA,ALL INVOLVED PARTIES HAVE TO BE BLAMED FOR THIS ,BECAUSE A CIVIL WAR FINDS NO JUSTICE AT ANY SIDE.

KILLING YOUR BROTHERS WAS AND STILL IS THE GREATEST  CRIME , AGAINST  OUR HUMAN NATURE AND  HOLY FREEDOM. 

WE AS EUROPEANS FOR THE SAFETY, NOT ONLY OF THE INHABITANTS,TO THE LANDS WHERE NUCLEAR,CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS ARE KEPT, BUT ALSO TO OUR CITIZENS SECURITY,HAVE TO WORK ON ELIMINATING ANY KIND OF SUCH INSTRUMENTS OF DESTRUCTION  WHEREVER THEY ARE  AND ESPECIALLY AT OUR NEIGHBOURHOOD IN  MEDITERRANEAN AND MIDDLE EAST TERRITORIES.

VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL DISASTERS

IT MUST BE ADMITTED THAT THIS IS NOT ENOUGH,BUT IT IS THE HIGHEST PRIORITY FOR PEACE AND PROSPERITY,BECAUSE SEVERE RESTRICTIONS UP TO ELIMINATION, MUST BE TARGETED AND IMPLEMENTED  TO THESE INDUSTRIES WHICH USE THE SAME MATERIALS,MENTIONED AT THE TITLE, FOR PEACEFUL REASONS TOO

The Sixth Review Conference agreed to establish a second Inter-Sessional Process. The topics agreed upon were:
i. Ways and means to enhance national implementation, including enforcement of national legislation, strengthening of national institutions and coordination among national law enforcement institutions.
ii. Regional and sub regional cooperation on BWC implementation.
iii. National, regional and international measures to improve biosafety and biosecurity, including laboratory safety and security of pathogens and toxins.
iv. Oversight, education, awareness raising, and adoption and/or development of codes of conduct with the aim to prevent misuse in the context of advances in bio science and bio technology research with the potential of use for purposes prohibited by the Convention.
v. With a view to enhancing international cooperation, assistance and exchange in biological sciences and technology for peaceful purposes, promoting capacity building in the fields of disease surveillance, detection, diagnosis, and containment of infectious diseases: (1) for States Parties in need of assistance, identifying requirements and requests for capacity enhancement, and (2) from States Parties in a position to do so, and international organizations, opportunities for providing assistance related to these fields.
vi. Provision of assistance and coordination with relevant organizations upon request by any State Party in the case of alleged use of biological or toxin weapons, including improving national capabilities for disease surveillance, detection and diagnosis and public health systems.
Topics i and ii were dealt with in 2007, iii and iv in 2008, v in 2009, and vi in 2010. For the second Inter-Sessional Process, the Meetings of Experts for each year was reduced to one week
SOURCE  
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_Weapons_Convention).
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION AND SUPPORT
A.C.




Israel’s  Weapons Threaten World Peace

Syria threatens no one. It hasn’t used chemical weapons against insurgents or its own civilians. Claims otherwise are fabricated.
In contrast, Israel is nuclear armed and dangerous. It maintains large chemical and biological weapons arsenals. More on that below.
In 1986, Dimona nuclear technician/heroic whistleblower Mordechai Vananu revealed important documents, photos, and other scientific evidence.
They proved Israel began producing atomic weapons since at least the 1960s. Years later, thermonuclear warheads were manufactured.
It’s believed Israel’s arsenal includes hundreds it won’t admit to publicly. It’s missile capability can deliver them long range. So can its nuclear submarines.
Vananu revealed Israel’s nuclear program. He provided credible evidence. Doing so cost him dearly.
In 1986, Mossad agents lured him to Rome. They beat, drugged and kidnapped him. He was secretly tried. He was convicted on espionage and treason charges.
He got 18 years in prison. He spent much of it in brutalizing solitary confinement. He suffered cruel and barbaric treatment.
After release, he was imprisoned again. It was for speaking to foreign journalists. Daniel Ellsberg calls him “the preeminent hero of the nuclear era.”
Vananu said “I am neither a traitor nor a spy. I only wanted the world to know what was happening.” People everywhere have a right to know.
No matter how secure he is in Russia or elsewhere, he’s threatened for the rest of his life. “There’s no saving me,” he says. It’s for good reason.Instead they’re ruthlessly vilified, hounded and punished when apprehended. Snowden’s free in Russia. He’s unable to go home. He fears for his safety.
Perhaps Mossad will try to abduct him. It wouldn’t surprise if it attempts replicating how it entrapped Vanunu. Rogue agencies operate this way.
CIA, NSA, Mossad and Israel’s secretive Unit 8200 perhaps are the worst. They operate extrajudicially. They make their own rules. They’ve done it throughout their history. Returning Snowden to America very much is US policy.
Israel won’t discuss its weapons of mass destruction. It never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
In 1993, it signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). It refused to ratify it. It did so for spurious reasons. It wrongfully claims it’s surrounded by hostile neighbors. Israel’s only enemies are ones it invents.
It never signed the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). Its policy is CBW ambiguity.
In 1993, the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment WMD proliferation assessment said Israel has undeclared offensive chemical warfare capabilities.
It uses banned weapons in all its conflicts. They include chemical, biological, and radiological ones. Hideous new weapons are tested. Injuries never seen before are reported.
Bodies with dead tissue showed no apparent wounds. Corpses were found shrunken. Civilians had heavy lower limb damage. Amputations were required.
Internal wounds had no trace of shrapnel. Corpses were blackened. They weren’t burned. Some badly wounded victims didn’t bleed. Explosives containing toxins and radiological materials are used.
They burn and destroy bodies. They do so internally. They leave permanent deformations. Unknown toxins believed to be nerve gas is used. So is white phosphorous. It burns flesh to the bone.
Depleted and enriched uranium weapons spread radioactive contamination. Close-range explosives cause severe injuries. Victims lose legs. Abdomens are sliced open. Some people are too far gone to be saved.
The Israeli Institute for Biological Research (IIBR) is top secret. Hundreds of scientists and technicians develop chemical and biological weapons. They’re used in combat.


Humankind’s Most Dangerous Moment: Fukushima Fuel Pool at Unit 4. “This is an Issue of Human Survival.”

The world community must now take charge at Fukushima

We are now within two months of what may be humankind’s most dangerous moment since the Cuban Missile Crisis.
There is no excuse for not acting. All the resources our species can muster must be focussed on the fuel pool at Fukushima Unit 4.
Fukushima’s owner, Tokyo Electric (Tepco), says that within as few as 60 days it may begin trying to remove more than 1300 spent fuel rods from a badly damaged pool perched 100 feet in the air. The pool rests on a badly damaged building that is tilting, sinking and could easily come down in the next earthquake, if not on its own.
Some 400 tons of fuel in that pool could spew out more than 15,000 times as much radiation as was released at Hiroshima.
The one thing certain about this crisis is that Tepco does not have the scientific, engineering or financial resources to handle it. Nor does the Japanese government. The situation demands a coordinated worldwide effort of the best scientists and engineers our species can muster.
Why is this so serious?
We already know that thousands of tons of heavily contaminated water are pouring through the Fukushima site, carrying a devil’s brew of long-lived poisonous isotopes into the Pacific. Tuna irradiated with fallout traceable to Fukushima have already been caught off the coast of California. We can expect far worse.
Tepco continues to pour more water onto the proximate site of three melted reactor cores it must somehow keep cool.Steam plumes indicate fission may still be going on somewhere underground. But nobody knows exactly where those cores actually are.
Much of that irradiated water now sits in roughly a thousand huge but fragile tanks that have been quickly assembled and strewn around the site. Many are already leaking. All could shatter in the next earthquake, releasing thousands of tons of permanent poisons into the Pacific.
The water flowing through the site is also undermining the remnant structures at Fukushima, including the one supporting the fuel pool at Unit Four.
More than 6,000 fuel assemblies now sit in a common pool just 50 meters from Unit Four. Some contain plutonium. The pool has no containment over it. It’s vulnerable to loss of coolant, the collapse of a nearby building, another earthquake, another tsunami and more.
Overall, more than 11,000 fuel assemblies are scattered around the Fukushima site. According to long-time expert and former Department of Energy official Robert Alvarez, there is more than 85 times as much lethal cesium on site as was released at Chernobyl.
Radioactive hot spots continue to be found around Japan. There are indications of heightened rates of thyroid damage among local children.
The immediate bottom line is that those fuel rods must somehow come safely out of the Unit Four fuel pool as soon as possible.
Just prior to the 3/11/11 earthquake and tsunami that shattered the Fukushima site, the core of Unit Four was removed for routine maintenance and refueling. Like some two dozen reactors in the US and too many more around the world, the General Electric-designed pool into which that core now sits is 100 feet in the air.
Spent fuel must somehow be kept under water. It’s clad in zirconium alloy which will spontaneously ignite when exposed to air. Long used in flash bulbs for cameras, zirconium burns with an extremely bright hot flame.
 Each uncovered rod emits enough radiation to kill someone standing nearby in a matter of minutes. A conflagration could force all personnel to flee the site and render electronic machinery unworkable.
According to Arnie Gundersen, a nuclear engineer with forty years in an industry for which he once manufactured fuel rods, the ones in the Unit 4 core are bent, damaged and embrittled to the point of crumbling. Cameras have shown troubling quantities of debris in the fuel pool, which itself is damaged.
The engineering and scientific barriers to emptying the Unit Four fuel pool are unique and daunting, says Gundersen. But it must be done to 100% perfection.
Should the attempt fail, the rods could be exposed to air and catch fire, releasing horrific quantities of radiation into the atmosphere. The pool could come crashing to the ground, dumping the rods together into a pile that could fission and possibly explode. The resulting radioactive cloud would threaten the health and safety of all us.
Chernobyl’s first 1986 fallout reached California within ten days. Fukushima’s in 2011 arrived in less than a week. A new fuel fire at Unit 4 would pour out a continuous stream of lethal radioactive poisons for centuries.
 Former Ambassador Mitsuhei Murata says full-scale releases from Fukushima “would destroy the world environment and our civilization. This is not rocket science, nor does it connect to the pugilistic debate over nuclear power plants. This is an issue of human survival.”
Neither Tokyo Electric nor the government of Japan can go this alone. There is no excuse for deploying anything less than a coordinated team of the planet’s best scientists and engineers.
For now, we are petitioning the United Nations and President Obama to mobilize the global scientific and engineering community to take charge at Fukushima and the job of moving these fuel rods to safety.
If you have a better idea, please follow it. But do something and do it now.
The clock is ticking. The hand of global nuclear disaster is painfully close to midnight.

Harvey Wasserman is Senior Editor of the Columbus Free Press and Free Press. He edits Nuke Free.
For now, we are petitioning the United Nations and President Obama to mobilize the global scientific and engineering community to take charge at Fukushima and the job of moving these fuel rods to safety.

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Tuesday, September 03, 2013

THE U.S.A. DEBT,IS THE MAIN REASON FOR THE CRISIS,BUT NOBODY SPEAKS ABOUT IT

INSTEAD  THEY BLAME EUROPEANS,BY CAUSING INTERNALLY VARIOUS FAKE DILEMMA   OR EXTERNALLY THAT THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR IT.
THE CURRENT POLITICAL SYSTEM ,AT EUROPEAN LANDS AND ITS OLIGARCHIC  ADMINISTRATIVE  STRUCTURES CANNOT OVERCOME THE PROBLEMS WHICH CITIZENS ARE FACING,BUT THEY  POSTPONE THE SOLUTIONS,BY BEING HANDLED  FROM N.Y. HEADQUARTERS.

(CLICKING AT TITLE THE READER IS REDIRECTED TO AN OLDER ARTICLE WHICH  ALSO SUPPORTS THIS STANCE)

DEBT LIMIT POLITICS IS A DANGEROUS GAME:OUR VIEW
Here we go again. House Speaker John Boehner is promising a "whale of a fight" during the next several weeks over raising the government's borrowing limit.
Boehner and his fellow Republicans are vowing to hold the debt ceiling hostage unless President Obama and congressional Democrats agree to cut spending or defund ObamaCare.
As was the case during the last debt-ceiling debacle, in 2011, playing politics with the nation's creditworthiness is irresponsible and unnecessary.
Leave aside the ObamaCare obsession, because Republicans have zero chance of persuading the president to kill one of his defining achievements. After defeats in Congress, the Supreme Court and last year's presidential election, the ObamaCare opponents seem like the holdout Japanese soldiers who kept fighting World War II into the 1970s. Cooler heads in the party, including the speaker, know this.
Boehner and the GOP have a much better argument about the need to get long-term deficits under control, particularly by reining in the big benefit programs. But if the speaker wants to bite into that politically poisonous apple, he could start by taking advantage of Obama's proposals earlier this year to curb Social Security and Medicare — offers that infuriated liberal Democrats and might have led to serious negotiations. Instead, Boehner rejected the overtures because Obama wanted a balanced package that would also include some revenue increases.
Boehner has been around long enough to know that Republicans are playing a weak hand, something his Tea Party followers don't seem to grasp. He lived through the 1995-96 government shutdown, which was blamed on the GOP, and wants no repeat. So he's wisely trying to stave off a shutdown when funding runs out at the end of this month by proposing a short-term spending bill to keep the lights on.
But trading a government shutdown for the risk of defaulting on the national debt is a dangerous game. Even the hint that the United States couldn't meet its obligations rattles the financial markets and threatens the nation's credit rating. That would drive up interest rates, drive down stock markets and weaken the economic recovery.
The U.S. actually hit its $16.7 trillion borrowing ceiling in May, but Treasury Secretary Jack Lew has been maneuvering to delay the "X date" when the government can't pay all its bills. He said last week that the X date will now fall sometime in mid-October. Congressional action is imperative, and with the Syria resolution taking center stage when lawmakers return next week, the time for dealmaking is growing short.
Boehner says he won't give up his hostage unless there's a budget deal that saves more than the debt limit would have to be raised. He admits the fight will be messy but says there's no alternative. "If this were easy to do, somebody over the last 20 or 30 years would have gotten it done," he says.
News flash: Somebody has done it. Twice. In 1990, Republican President George H.W. Bush brokered a big deficit-reduction deal that cut spending and raised taxes. Then, in 1993, President Bill Clinton pushed through a similar package. These agreements helped pave the way for the only balanced budgets — 1998 through 2001 — in the past 40 years. And they didn't require risking the nation's creditworthiness.
Boehner is right about one thing: Making deals like those isn't easy. It takes leadership, compromise and the nerve to stand up to extremists in both parties. All are in short supply.
USA TODAY's editorial opinions are decided by its Editorial Board, separate from the news staff. Most editorials are coupled with an opposing view — a unique USA TODAY feature.


The U.S “Odious Debts” used to Finance Illegal Wars

Refuse to Pay Government Debt Incurred for Unlawful and Oppressive Purposes ...


It Is the Personal Debt of Those Who Ordered It
There is an established legal principle that people should not have to repay their government’s debt to the extent that it is incurred to launch aggressive wars or to oppress the people.
These “odious debts” are considered to be the personal debts of the tyrants who incurred them, rather than the country’s debt.
Wikipedia gives a good overview of the principle:
In international law, odious debt is a legal theory which holds that the national debt incurred by a regime for purposes that do not serve the best interests of the nation, such as wars of aggression, should not be enforceable. Such debts are thus considered by this doctrine to be personal debts of the regime that incurred them and not debts of the state. In some respects, the concept is analogous to the invalidity of contracts signed under coercion.
The doctrine was formalized in a 1927 treatise by Alexander Nahum Sack, a Russian émigré legal theorist, based upon 19th Century precedents including Mexico’s repudiation of debts incurred by Emperor Maximilian’s regime, and the denial by the United States of Cuban liability for debts incurred by the Spanish colonial regime. According to Sack:
When a despotic regime contracts a debt, not for the needs or in the interests of the state, but rather to strengthen itself, to suppress a popular insurrection, etc, this debt is odious for the people of the entire state. This debt does not bind the nation; it is a debt of the regime, a personal debt contracted by the ruler, and consequently it falls with the demise of the regime. The reason why these odious debts cannot attach to the territory of the state is that they do not fulfil one of the conditions determining the lawfulness of State debts, namely that State debts must be incurred, and the proceeds used, for the needs and in the interests of the State. Odious debts, contracted and utilised for purposes which, to the lenders’ knowledge, are contrary to the needs and the interests of the nation, are not binding on the nation – when it succeeds in overthrowing the government that contracted them – unless the debt is within the limits of real advantages that these debts might have afforded. The lenders have committed a hostile act against the people, they cannot expect a nation which has freed itself of a despotic regime to assume these odious debts, which are the personal debts of the ruler.
Patricia Adams, executive director of Probe International (an environmental and public policy advocacy organisation in Canada), and author of Odious Debts: Loose Lending, Corruption, and the Third World’s Environmental Legacy, has stated that:
by giving creditors an incentive to lend only for purposes that are transparent and of public benefit, future tyrants will lose their ability to finance their armies, and thus the war on terror and the cause of world peace will be better served.
A recent article by economists Seema Jayachandran and Michael Kremer has renewed interest in this topic. They propose that the idea can be used to create a new type of economic sanction to block further borrowing by dictators.
Jubilee USA notes that creditors may lose their rights to repayment of odious debts:
Odious debt is an established legal principle. Legally, debt is to be considered odious if the government used the money for personal purposes or to oppress the people. Moreover, in cases where borrowed money was used in ways contrary to the people’s interest, with the knowledge of the creditors, the creditors may be said to have committed a hostile act against the people. Creditors cannot legitimately expect repayment of such debts.
The United States set the first precedent of odious debt when it seized control of Cuba from Spain. Spain insisted that Cuba repay the loans made to them by Spain. The U.S. repudiated (refused to pay) that debt, arguing that the debt was imposed on Cuba by force of arms and served Spain’s interest rather than Cuba’s, and that the debt therefore ought not be repaid. This precedent was upheld by international law in Great Britain v. Costa Rica (1923) when money was put to use for illegitimate purposes with full knowledge of the lending institution; the resulting debt was annulled.
The launch of the Iraq war was an unlawful war of aggression. It was based on false premises (weapons of mass destruction and a connection between Iraq and 9/11; see thisthisthisthisthisand this). Therefore, the trillions in debts incurred in fighting that war are odious debts which the people might lawfully refuse to pay for.
The Bush and Obama administrations have also oppressed the American people through spying on us – even before 9/11 (confirmed here and here) – harassment of innocent grandmothers and other patriotic Americans criticizing government action, and other assaults on liberty and the rule of law. See this. The monies borrowed to finance these oppressive activities are also odious debts.
The government has also given trillions in bailouts, loans, guarantees and other perks to the too big to fails. These funds have not helped the American people. For example, the giant banks are still not loaning. They have solely gone into speculative investments and to line the pockets of the muckety-mucks in the form of bonuses. PhD economist Dean Baker said that the true purpose of the bank rescues is “a massive redistribution of wealth to the bank shareholders and their top executives”. PhD economist Michael Hudson says that the financial “parasites” have killed the American economy, and they are “sucking as much money out” as they can before “jumping ship”. These are odious debts.
Bush, Cheney, Paulson, Geithner, Summers and others who ordered that these debts be incurred must be held personally liable for them. We the American people are not responsible to creditors – such as China, Saudi Arabia – who have knowingly financed these illegal and oppressive activities which have not benefited the American people, but solely the handful of corrupt politicians who authorized them.

SOURCE  http://www.globalresearch.ca - Washington's Blog  - February 2010






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