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Tuesday, July 26, 2011

EVEN IF LONGTERM SUFFERING ISN'T GOOD,APART INHUMAN , SOMETIMES IT IS REPAID BY THE light of PROPER ANALYSIS,WHICH RECONFIRMS THE RIGHTNESS OF THE CAUSE

 (CLICKING ON THE TITLE WE ARE GUIDED TO GOOD  INFORMATIVE ARTICLE WRITTEN BY U.S.A. FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION/ Bureau of Economics)

Iran-China Deal Makes End Run on US Sanctions, Dollar


Iran's oil trade with China proceeds apace in Euros as the Islamic Republic makes an end-run around the weakened US dollar with a 3.2 billion Euro deal.
The move comes as US sanctions over Iran's nuclear program have blocked the ability of many nations to pay for Iranian oil in dollars has left the Islamic Republic oil-rich and cash-strapped. 
Iranian officials have reportedly been growing increasingly angry about the inability of the country's biggest oil customers such as China and India to pay cash, which has contributed to a shortage of hard currency for the country.
    
"Both China and India have been happy to keep Iran's money in their banks and try to get Iran involved in barter deals to sell their junk, or given yuan and rupees instead of hard currencies," one Iranian former official who chose to remain anonymous said.
This despite previous Iranian claims that US sanctions were having 'no effect.'
Chinese companies first started paying in euros for their Iranian crude in 2006 and have also considered payment in yuan, considered a soft currency, industry sources said. Now China's government is following suit.
Iran is China's third-largest crude supplier, shipping around 540,000 barrels per day (bpd) in the first six months of the year, or more than 10 percent of Beijing's 5.1 million bpd of imports. The flow grew 50 percent from the first half of 2010.
Tehran has cut supply to India for August as sanctions have made it difficult for New Delhi to find a way for its refiners to pay for Iranian oil. 
Chinese refiners have suffered no such problems in dealing with Iran, the sources said, because its deals bypass the weakened US dollar.
"We've been paying in euros all these years," said a Chinese buyer of Iranian oil.
"There is no problem with euro payment," said a second industry executive with direct knowledge of the oil trade between the two nations.
The volume of crude Iran sells China has increased even though Chinese traders have said prices of Iranian oil were uncompetitive compared to other Middle East supplies.
The deal underscores the close relationship Iran has with China who has routinely protected the Islamic Republic, and its ally Syria, with its  Security Council veto at the UN.

by Gavriel Queenann  25/07/11

SOURCE  http://www.israelnationalnews.com  




Finance: Arbiters under fire
...............
Calls for reform – reflected in the Dodd-Frank financial regulations passed in the US a year ago – have now taken on a fresh lease of life on both sides of the Atlantic. When, for example, Moody’s this month said it was reviewing America’s triple A status out of concern about the rapid rise in US government debt relative to gross domestic product, Dennis Kucinich, a Democratic congressman, delivered an angry response.

“No nation, agency or organisation has the authority to dictate terms to the United States government,” he said. “Moody’s and its compatriot S&P were a direct cause of the near collapse of the economy of the United States. That industry should be subject to greater scrutiny, regulation and fundamental overhaul as Washington gets serious about the deficit.”

MORE AT http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/a246b0c2-b629-11e0-8bed-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1TDDDFyAK



Brazil fears economic fallout as real soars



The Brazilian real soared to a 12-year high against the dollar on Friday, reigniting Brazil’s currency war fears and worsening the economic problems for Dilma Rousseff, president.

The real traded at a high of 1.5523 versus the US currency, its strongest level since just after it was first floated in 1999, as investors sought higher-yielding assets following the easing of the Greek debt crisis.

Brazil’s rapid economic growth and high real interest rates at nearly 6 per cent make its markets a powerful draw for foreign investors starved of investment opportunities in developed markets.

“US interest rates are near zero, UK interest rates are near zero, Japanese rates are near zero and Brazilian rates are 12.25 per cent – I would say that’s the crux of the matter,” said Neil Shearing of Capital Economics in London.

The relentless strengthening of the country’s currency is a headache for the administration of Ms Rousseff, which is concerned that it is reducing the competitiveness of the country’s industrial sector.

Brazil has been a vocal critic of ultra-loose US monetary policy, known as quantitative easing, which it has blamed for pumping liquidity into the global economy.

The US Federal Reserve this week ended its second round of bond-buying, dubbed QE2.

Much of this liquidity, Brazil has argued, found its way into emerging markets, such as those in Latin America, inflating asset prices and forcing governments to implement defensive capital controls.

But with the end of quantitative easing, the government will have to look for other reasons for the rising strength of the real.

Central bank data show that foreign direct investment and higher commodity prices have accounted for most of the dollar inflows this year, rather than speculative investments.

About $42.4bn flowed into Brazil between January and April this year, more than five times as much as the same period last year. Only about $7bn of this was destined for the fixed income market.

In addition, Japanese households remain firm buyers of Brazilian assets, with about $4bn flowing into Brazil from retail investors there every month.

The government has been willing to let the currency strengthen in recent months to combat rising inflation but any further appreciation will prompt opposition from Brazil`s powerful industrial lobbies.

Ms Rousseff, a development economist, came to office with promises to reduce interest rates but has had her hands tied by the rising inflation rate.

Mr Shearing said the real effective exchange rate of the Brazilian currency against the dollar had strengthened 12 per cent since its pre-crisis high.

Much of the currency’s strength has come from record commodity prices, which have helped limit the current account deficit to about 2.3 per cent of gross domestic product in May.

“If you kept level of imports the same and put commodity prices back to 2005 levels, we reckon the deficit would be close to 5 per cent of GDP, which is getting close to danger territory,” said Mr Shearing.

By Joe Leahy in São Paulo

SOURCE FT JULY 2011

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Thursday, July 14, 2011

LET THERE BE MUCH MORE LIGHT IN EVERYDAY LIFE:KNOWLEDGE FOR ALL

(SOME BASICS ABOUT ,CAN BE FOUND  BY CLICKING ON THE TITLE)


Digital Agenda: Europe invests in photonics research to accelerate high-speed broadband
Brussels 28 June 2011 - Thirteen photonics research projects are being launched in the field of high-speed fibre broadband networks with the aim of developing technologies to deliver super fast internet speeds to the home in excess of 1 Gigabit per second. The projects were jointly selected in 2010 by the European Commission, Austria, Germany, Poland, the United Kingdom and Israel, who are together paying a total of €22.3 million towards them. The research projects will run for two to three years. Giving every European access to fast and ultra fast broadband by 2020 and boosting investment in European information and communications technology research are key objectives of the Digital Agenda for Europe (see IP/10/581, MEMO/10/199 and MEMO/10/200).
Neelie Kroes, Vice President of the European Commission for the Digital Agenda said: "I'm very happy that research on technology relevant to delivering super fast Internet speeds to the homes and businesses of 500 million Europeans is taking off. Such technology could have a crucial role to play in meeting Europe's broadband needs far into the future."
The research projects all focus on how components (e.g. transceivers, amplifiers and routers) and IT systems can deliver speeds of 1Gigabit/second and above to the subscriber at home while reducing the operational cost for ultra-fast broadband. The objective is therefore to develop technology to give customers a faster service at no extra cost.
The Commission contributes one third of the funding of the projects and national funding agencies cover the rest. The joint approach enables participating countries to develop high speed optical broadband networks much faster, as joint efforts can generate a critical mass for market-uptake more efficiently.
The thirteen individual research projects constitute the Piano+ initiative, which is an ERANET+ project and part of the European Commission's 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7).
Examples of projects
The ADDONAS project aims to deliver better quality for mobile video and real-time applications such as cloud computing by optimising the switching technology for super fast broadband circuits. This would allow data traffic to be sent only where it is needed, therefore removing bottlenecks on a router's performance. At the same time, the technology in question would aim to reduce the total energy bill for operators and users by over 50%.
To enable ultra-high-speed transmission of data, the ALOHA project aims to upgrade the transmission capacity of broadband semiconductors (i.e. optic lasers). The aim is to improve performance to 10 Gigabit/second transmission rates and beyond and accelerate the transition of faster laser components to mass market uptake.
The TUCAN project targets the development of low cost tunable transceiver technology (i.e. lasers whose wavelength of operation can be altered) that will be capable of meeting access network cost targets whilst maintaining high performance and reducing power requirements. Current networks are designed for fixed wavelength lasers at cost levels of less than €10 per laser but these are not designed to deal with high data rates (1 to 10 Gigabits/second) per customer as would be required in super fast access networks.
The SEPIANet project aims to develop optical components, modules and subsystems for future access products based on embedded electro-optical printed circuit board technology that would significantly reduce power consumption and increase energy efficiency and bandwidth, which is currently not possible in today's copper-based access network systems.
Background
Photonics is a strategic technology driving innovation in many sectors, such as communications (including super fast internet access), lighting and medical applications.
Ultra-fast broadband access is becoming increasingly important in Europe as demand for bandwidth-hungry services multiplies. New entertainment and business services like high-definition (HD) or "3D" TV, downloading music or videos on smart phones and video conferencing facilities require much faster internet than is generally available today in Europe.
More information about the research projects can be found here:

SOURCE  http://europa.eu/

The Future of Optics and Photonics

Topics:

* Magneto-Optics
* Metamaterials
* Photonic Devices
* Plasmonics
* Sensors

NanoMagma is a European funded project and the main purpose is the study, development and application of a novel concept of nanostructured materials formed by the combination of components with plasmonic and magneto-optic (MO) activity. This smart combination will produce "magneto-plasmonic" nanomaterials tailored on the nanoscale.

For the first time, ImagineNano will comprise in 15.000 m2, 6 conferences in parallel, a huge exhibition carried out with the latest nanotrends for the future, an Industrial Forum and a social component where everyone can meet and greet Nanotechnology side by side. ImagineNano will therefore gather global nanotechnology community, including researchers, industry policymakers, investors and plans to be a reference in Europe in the next upcoming years.

source  Bilbao April 2011  conference PPM 2011 (Photonics, Plasmonics and Magneto-Optics)

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Tuesday, July 05, 2011

It's coming prepare thyselves

(CLICKING ON THE TITLE WE ARE DIRECTED TO AN ARTICLE WRITTEN BY  Gerald Celente
Collapse: It's Coming! Are You Ready? )

  EUROPEAN CITIZENS,FELLOW READERS,HELLO,
IT CAN EASILY BE UNDERSTOOD ,EVEN TO THE UNFAMILIAR WITH ECONOMICS THAT THE GLOBALIZATION'S  ECONOMIC AND SOCIETAL  ,CAPITALISTIC OR COMMUNISTIC PROPOSALS  AREN'T FUNCTIONING ANYMORE.
NEW YORK'S POLICIES,WHICH  BASIC PRINCIPLES WERE POSED AND IMPLEMENTED AT THE BEGINNING OF 20TH CENTURY ,STILL  IT IS BELIEVED THAT THEY CAN RULE THE WORLD UNPUNISHED AND BY HAVING PROFITS EVEN IF CITIZENS ARE STARVING.
WITH THEIR MAIN PRINCIPLE BEING PRINTED UNDER THE TERM  "in the god we trust",THEY
PRINT PAPERS IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN BY FAKE POLICIES THEIR  INJUSTICE GOVERNANCE,forgetting the letter L from god.
IT CAN BE READ FROM THE  ARTICLES ,LAID HERE,BUT ALSO FROM THE LINKED TITLE ,THAT UK, USA ARE IN A VERY BAD SITUATION.
PARADOXICALLY EVERYBODY STANDS AND IS BEING FOCUSED ON EURO-ZONE AND  IN  EXPERIMENTAL  AUSTERITY  POLITICAL  TRIES OF NEW YORK'S HEADQUARTERS OVER NATIONS LIKE GREECE,IRELAND AND PORTUGAL (BEING PREPARED TO FOLLOWING  FOR GREEDY HANDS SPAIN,ITALY AND BELGIUM).THE CAREFUL OBSERVER MIGHT EASILY UNDERSTAND THAT THESE COUNTRIES HISTORICALLY ARE THE MOST REBEL AGAINST INJUSTICE.
EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS EUROPEAN ZONE'S PARTNERS ARE  CONSISTING  A VERY STRONG ENTITY,APART FROM THE FACTOR OF A HUGE POPULATION ,WHICH HAS A HIGH LEVEL OF CONSUMPTION POSSIBILITIES  EVEN TO THE POOREST COUNTRIES OF THE UNION.
UNFORTUNATELY THE EUROPEAN OLIGARCHIC GLOBALISM SYSTEM OF ALMOST ALL TODAY  PARTIES,IS SUPPORTING THE  CROOKED  POLICIES OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED CENTRE,MAINLY BY KEEPING A STRONG EURO,WHEN THERE IS NO REASON FOR THIS,APART FROM ASSISTING USA , UK,PLUS UNRELIABLE BANKS AND MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ,BUT SURELY NOT THE CITIZENS ON BEHALF OF WHOM THE  PARTIES NOMENCLATURE CLAIM THEY ARE  SPEAKING FOR .
OUR OECOUMENIC PROPOSAL IS BEING PREPARED STEADILY ,SO THAT IN THE FUTURE OUR KIDS AND GRANDCHILDREN TO LIVE IN A HARMONIC,NATURAL AND LOVABLE GREAIAN (GEAIAN,EARTHEAN )   ENVIRONMENT.

THANK YOU ALL FOR YOUR ATTENTION
A.CH.


Bank warns of prolonged weakness

Bank of England’s interest rate setting committee voted 7 to 2 in favour of holding down interest rates at record low levels but raised fears the recovery could be longer than expected.

“The current weakness of demand growth was likely to persist for longer than previously thought,” said the minutes of the Monetary Policy Committee’s June meeting.


The minutes also hint that measures urged to increase the purchases of gilts from the current level of £200bn, may be gathering support. Previously Adam Posen had been the lone supporter of the move to extend the asset purchase programme known as quantitative easing but the minutes, released on Thursday, said for “some members” an extension of the programme was an option if inflation fell in the medium term.

The pound came under pressure after the release of the minutes which were more dovish than expected. Expectations for a rise in UK interest rates were pushed further back, weighing on gilt yields and sterling.

The pound fell against all the major currencies as investors adjusted their expectations of a rate rise.

Although Mr Posen has been arguing that the UK economy is so sluggish that further quantitative easing is needed, he has been a lone voice on the subject, with other members pointing to very mixed economic data. He has recently been joined on the committee by Ben Broadbent, an external member and former managing director at Goldman Sachs, who is more dovish on the need for interest rate rises in the UK.

Mr Broadbent replaced Andrew Sentance who consistently voted for an increase in interest rates, most recently he urged members to raise rates by 50 basis points from the current 0.5 per cent.

“A key development is that the hawks have lost ground within the MPC with new member Ben Broadbent joining the ‘no change in interest rate’ ranks and boosting their membership to 7 from 6,” said Howard Archer of IHS Global Insight.

“With the minutes appearing appreciably more dovish due to heightened concerns over the economy, it is looking ever more likely that the Bank of England will hold off from raising interest rates until 2012,” he said.

“The key risk was that demand would prove insufficient to eliminate the current margin of spare capacity, leading to inflation falling below the target in the medium term,” the minutes said, with concerns about economic growth and consumer spending particularly strong.

Separately, the Bank’s monthly report from its network of agents who monitor economic activity around the country described the growth rate of nominal spending on consumer goods and services as “sluggish”, although on some other measures – employment intentions, export orders and business investment intentions – prospects for growth are improving.

The minutes show an MPC that is deeply divided on the nature of the inflation that the UK is currently experiencing.

“For two members, the argument for removing some of the monetary stimulus at this meeting remained strong, although both acknowledged that the data on the growth outlook during the month had been weak,” the minutes say.

Moreover, some members are now contemplating the possibility that consumer price inflation inflation in the near term could be even higher than that in the central projection in the May Inflation Report – 5.03 per cent – a rate well above the MPC’s 2 per cent medium term target.

By Norma Cohen, Economics Correspondent

Published: June  2011

 source  The Financial Times Limited















 







(A free offered e-book  to be downloaded
http://ebook.web-koe.com/2011/05/a-colossal-failure-of-common-sense-the-inside-story-of-the-collapse-of-lehman-brothers-by-lawrence-g-mcdonald.html )




What If the U. S. Looks Like Defaulting?


On Monday, the US government hit the statutory limit on the amount of money it can borrow, ($14.29 trillion) the so-called "debt ceiling". That means that Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner has started to implement an emergency plan to keep the government running and pay bondholders while the White House and Congress hammer out the details on a final budget deal. But Geithner's accounting maneuvers will only work for a short time. If a budget compromise isn't reached by early August, then "the borrowing authority of the United States will be exhausted" and the US will default.

Some Republican congressmen believe that a default will be "no big deal", and that bondholders and Social Security recipients will just get their checks a little later than usual. But these people really don't understand the way the system works or what is at stake. As The Economist's Greg Ip says,  "Treasury debt underpins a vast and complex web of financial relationships around the world which would all be thrown out of whack by even a technical default."  The mere suggestion that the US might delay payments to bondholders would roil markets and cause irreversible damage to the Treasuries market. That, in turn, would put the dollar into a nosedive and, perhaps, end its role as the world's reserve currency. Here's an excerpt from a post by economist Menzie Chinn who sums it up perfectly:

"....what would be key to causing a crash in the dollar's value would be a failure to raise the debt ceiling in a timely fashion. In almost any model I can think of, that would either cause a flight from US government debt, or -- even if we only go to the brink -- elevating the risk premium, and hence total interest payments, on US Treasury debt indefinitely. Thus, it's the height of irresponsibility to make unrealistic demands for deficit reduction based solely on spending cuts, thereby risking a crisis. ("What Would Really Bring about a Dollar Dive?, Econbrowser)

Nearly every other economist says the same thing. Congress is playing with dynamite.

What's obvious in the budget negotiations, is that the Republicans haven't the foggiest idea of how the financial markets work.  Of course, the Dems aren't much better, but at least they (occasionally) consider the advice of the experts . Not the Republicans. They seem to take great pride in their boneheadedness.  They think that threatening to blow up the economy is a sound strategy for forcing cuts to entitlement spending. They don't realize that their little game of chicken could backfire and change the perception that the US is a safe place for investors to park their money. In fact, the thought never seems to enter their mind.

Here's an excerpt from a letter by Geithner (to Senator Michael Bennet) warning of "catastrophic economic consequences" if the debt limit is not raised soon:

"The unique role of Treasuries securities in the global financial system means that the consequences of default would be particularly severe. Treasuries securities are a key holding on the balance sheets of virtually every major insurance company, bank, money market fund, and pension fund in the world. They are also widely used as collateral by financial institutions to meet their day-to-day cash-flow needs in the short-term financing market."

Geithner is explaining how the "shadow banking system" works and how it relies on "risk free" Triple A collateral. If the world's premier asset class--US Treasuries--suffers a downgrade because of default or falling public confidence, that would lead to widespread haircuts that would trigger another financial crisis.

Geithner again:

"A default on Treasury debt could lead to concerns about the solvency of the investment funds and financial institutions that hold Treasury securities in their portfolios, which could cause a run on money market mutual funds and the broader financial system--similar to what occurred in the wake of the collapse of Lehman Brothers. As the recent financial crisis demonstrated, a sudden and severe blow to confidence in the financial markets can spark a panic that threatens the health of our entire global economy and the jobs of millions of Americans."

Geithner is not exaggerating. This WILL happen. Why?  Because this is what happened in 2008 and, unfortunately, nothing has changed. If the US defaults, then the risk premium on US Treasuries will rise and their price will fall. That means that the trillions of dollars that have been exchanged for UST's in the repo market --where financial institutions exchange cash deposits for high-grade collateral--will be revalued causing massive losses for the holders of UST's. Those losses will ripple through the money markets and commercial paper markets knocking down the same financial dominoes they did when Lehman Brothers failed.  Bottom line: None of the Dodd-Frank reforms have increased financial market stability at all. The system is as vulnerable to meltdown as it was in September 2008.

Geithner again:

"Treasuries securities enjoy their unique role in the global financial system precisely because they are viewed as a risk-free asset....A default would call into question the status of Treasuries securities as a cornerstone of the financial system, potentially squandering this unique role and the economic benefits that come with it."

This such an important point, it might help to use an analogy.

Let's say I need some cash to finance some other business operations I have going. So, I go down to the local pawn shop with my custom-built Jaguar, my original Vermeer oil painting, and my collection of Renaissance gold coins. The pawnbroker takes one look at my trove and says he can lend me $25,000 for a week, but I'll have to pay him $26,000 to get my stuff back. I say, "Okay", and borrow the money. This allows me to keep my other business operations running. Then, a week later, I return to the pawn shop and repay the money I borrowed.

Okay, so far?

So, next week I go back to the pawn shop and try to get the same deal. Only this time, the dealer has done a little research and discovered that my custom Jaguar is actually a late-model Yugo with a flashy paint job; my original Vermeer is actually a paint-by-numbers fake I picked up at a flea market, and my collection of Renaissance gold coins, is actually a scattering of slot-machine slugs with a pyrite finish. So the dealer gets all huffy and says he'll only lend me half of what he had before, ($12,500) But that's a big problem for me, because now I don't have the money to fund my other operations or pay my employees. So I have to dig into savings (bank capital), which makes it harder for me to lend money to anyone else.  As time goes on, I am forced to sell more of my personal belongings (assets) just to stay afloat.

This is precisely what happened to the banks during the financial crisis.  Financial firms that had been providing full-value for securitized bonds (my Jaguar) got worried that those bonds might contain toxic subprime loans (my Yugo). So they reduced the amount of money they would lend on the bonds.  These so-called "haircuts" set-off a slow-motion panic that lasted for over a year, draining nearly $4 trillion from the shadow banking system. The problem was compounded by the fact that no one knew which bundles held the worst mortgages or which banks had the biggest pile of bonds. So, interbank lending began to freeze, LIBOR skyrocketed, and the credit markets ground to a standstill. When Lehman Brothers defaulted on September 15, 2008, the downward spiral accelerated and the entire financial system crashed.

If the US defaults on its debt, Treasuries will be repriced, the country's biggest banks will discover they've got less capital than they thought, and the financial system will suffer another meltdown. Only this time, it will be much worse, because Treasuries will no longer be regarded as the premier risk-free financial asset upon which all other financial assets are measured. That means the US will have to pay higher rates to meet its obligations which will make it harder to dig out of recession.

Wall Street and Big Business understand the gravity of the situation which is why they've tried to discourage GOP brinkmanship. But--to their credit--congressional members of the Tea Party have shrugged off the arm twisting and stubbornly stood their ground. The idea is that eventually, Obama will see that they have him over a barrel and he'll cave in. Isn't that the way that power works?

There's a lesson here for political activists. The Tea Party has stumbled upon a perfectly-legal "asymmetrical" strategy for effecting change, that is, locate the vulnerabilities in the system and exploit those weaknesses to shape policy. There's no reason leftists couldn’t play the same sort of game, provided they were  willing to get their hands dirty.

Mike Whitney lives in Washington state.
He can be reached at fergiewhitney@msn.com

SOURCE   http://www.counterpunch.org

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