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Sunday, April 12, 2015

WHITE SPACE AND SPECTRUM TECHNOLOGIES

CITIZENS CHAIRESTHAI,
TODAY IT IS GOING TO BE PRESENTED IN A SUMMARIZED WAY THE WHITE'S SPACE TECHNOLOGICAL ABILITIES.
WE ARE FOCUSED TO THIS THEME,BECAUSE IT IS BELIEVED THAT IT MIGHT GIVE A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR THE EUROPEANS AND MEDITERRANEANS TO LEAD AGAIN,THROUGH THE COMMUNICATION SECTOR.
THIS SECTOR WILL BE IN THE NEXT YEARS THE MAIN FIELD FOR HUMAN RACE TO CONNECT H2H OR M2M AND BOTH,ALL AROUND G(r)AIA THROUGH ONE NET (INTERNET) OR MORE AS OUR POLICIES ARE PROPOSING (SYNNET).

 THE DEFINITION OF WHITE SPACE,FROM DATA TRANSMISSION GLOSSARY CAN BE:

White space, in a communications context, refers to underutilized portions of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Large portions of the spectrum are currently unused, in particular the frequencies allocated for analog television and  those used as buffers to prevent interference between channels. 
In the United States, frequency allocations in the RF spectrum are made by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). In November 2008, the FCC voted unanimously to make  unlicensed portions of the spectrum available for use.  At that time, at least three-quarters of the spectrum allocated for analog television was unused. These frequencies will become available once the changeover to digital television is complete in February 2009. 
White space allocation is expected to stimulate development of wireless technologies and services.  According to Google co-founder Larry Page, white space operation will be like "Wi-Fi on steroids," because the signals in that portion of the spectrum have much longer ranges than those currently used for Wi-Fi. The increase in range means that fewer base stations will be required to give better coverage; that increased efficiency, in turn, should yield better service at lower costs. Signals in the white space range can also penetrate through solid objects better, which should yield more reliable service. 
Opponents of white space allocation have argued that it could lead to unexpected instances of disruptive and potentially dangerous interference between different services using the same frequencies at the same time. The FCC is testing white space devices designed to operate in the newly available frequencies to ensure that they will not cause interference. 
According to the FCC, wireless microphones and other low-power auxiliary stations will be able to continue to operate in bands below 700MHz.
SOURCE http://whatis.techtarget.com



ALTHOUGH THE LATEST DEFINITION AND FREQUENCY ALLOCATIONS STANDARDS ARE COMING FROM USA,THE INVENTION IS EUROPEAN. 

Brief

Whilst some new ideas are just evolutionary, some are revolutionary. The idea of being able to access wireless spectrum only when you need it represents a revolutionary shift in spectrum regulation.
This paradigm responds to the growing congestion of our radio spectrum, prompted by heavier usage of products like the iPad and content such as streaming video. This is the basis for what is termed ‘cognitive radio’ and we now see the first implementation of this in the cognitive use of the ‘white space’ spectrum vacated as television delivery moves from the old analogue to the new digital format.

Approach

Cambridge Consultants has been a pioneer in white space and cognitive radio. We were the first company to develop an operational wireless link in the Microsoft white space trial in Cambridge. Transmitting at 2Mb/s between our headquarters in the Science Park and the village of Cottenham we publicised this achievement by making the first tweet over white space. in addition, we have developed a database emulator that estimates how much white space is available in the UK.
We have also developed compelling spectrum sensing technology which will be a vital component of future cognitive radio solutions. Presently, white space is only approved by regulators such as the FCC in combination with databases to manage spectrum availability. In the future, when spectrum becomes less available still, real-time sensing technologies will be required.

Benefit

As a method of spectrum access, white space spectrum is an enabler to product innovation rather than a technology in itself. The concept of a database to control spectrum allocation to a given user means that it is important to recognise the business opportunities that best fit this methodology. This use of ‘borrowed’ spectrum will lend itself well to the transfer of discontinuous data such as download of a video or for machine to machine (M2M.)
Cambridge Consultants can provide access to cognitive radio technology as well as impartial insight and technical evaluation of the efficacy of new cognitive radio concepts, helping to highlight the business models to embrace and which to avoid.

SOURCE  http://www.cambridgeconsultants.com




















































A BETTER HISTORICAL ANALYSIS IS PRESENTED AT  WIKI 

ON 20/03/2015 OUR ePAPHOS ADVISORY TEAMWORK ,PARTICIPATED AT THE WORKSHOP
ABOUT  "GEO-LOCATION DATABASES",WHERE ACTUALLY APART FROM THE DIALOG-CONSULTATION FOR SHARING THE DATA (LSA),IT WAS DISCUSSED ALSO THE WHITE SPACE POLICIES FOR EUROPE.

STREAMING VIDEO FOR GEO-LOCATION DATABASES

THE GATHERING  WAS ORGANIZED BY DG NETWORKS/CONTENT AND TECHNOLOGY.
OUR CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN CITIZENS WAS THAT WE  PUT SOME QUESTIONS,WHICH ARE DIRECTING TO SPECIFIC STRATEGIES.
 IT IS BELIEVED THAT IF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S ORGANS ARE GOING TO ADAPT THEM,IT MIGHT PUT THE BASE FOR AN INDEPENDENT,LEADING  EUROPEAN  COMMUNICATION POLICIES,IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

FOR REASONS WHICH AREN'T KNOWN THE  QUESTIONS PUT AREN'T VISIBLE AND CANNOT BE HEARD,BUT THE RESPONSES ARE.
THAT'S WHY WE SHALL BRING THEM TO THE CITIZENS EYES BY WRITING THEM DOWN.

AT THE 50.15 MINUTES WE HAVE ASKED ABOUT 

1)DO THE EUROPEAN CITIZENS and NATIONAL AUTHORITIES,HAVE ANY BENEFIT FROM THE ECONOMIC POINT OF VIEW,FROM THESE SHARING TECHNOLOGIES ?

2)WHAT ABOUT THE PRIVACY AND SECURITY MEASURES WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN IN ORDER THE GEO-DATA AND LSA TO BE PROTECTED,AS IT LOOKS THAT THESE ARE CASE SENSITIVE ISSUES?
WHAT IT IS MEANT THE TERM "protection requirements for primary use "? 



ON THE  3:06:20 MINUTES WE QUESTIONED ABOUT :

1)ARE THERE ANY OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WHICH ARE DEVELOPING THIS TECHNOLOGY,OR IS IT ONLY UK?

2)AGAIN A TECHNOLOGY LIKE THESE WHICH WERE PRODUCED BY NOKIA,SKYPE AND LOTS OF OTHER  EU INVENTIONS, HAS BEEN TAKEN BY USA COMPANIES (GOOGLE,MICROSOFT ETC) AND IS BEING DEVELOPED BY THEM,WITH US THE EUROPEANS TO SIT,WATCH  AND PAY OUR MILITARY ALLIES TO IMPLEMENT AND REGULATE THEM.


AGAIN WE ARE LOSING THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE,THIS ONE OF INNOVATION.

HOW ARE WE GOING TO REACT,WHEN PRIVATE USA COMPANIES ALREADY ARE EXPERIMENTING OUT OF THEIR COUNTRY?
WHAT SHALL WE DO FOR THE EXPANSION OF THIS TECHNOLOGY IN ASIA,AFRICA AND OTHER ZONES,WHICH MIGHT CONTRIBUTE TO OUR ECONOMIES?

3)WHAT ARE THE  STRATEGIC POLICIES OF THE USA REGULATORY BODIES (FCC),AND WHAT WILL BE OUR STRATEGY FOR EUROPEAN LANDS?

THE ANSWERS CAN BE HEARD AND SEEN AT THE VIDEO AFTER THE INVISIBLE  MAN'S QUESTIONS.

CLOSING THIS ARTICLE WE PRESENT THE PRACTICAL BENEFITS
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION AND SUPPORT



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