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Monday, September 21, 2009

THE GLOBALIZATION -BASICS e-the neo period

AS ENTERING TO THE 20TH CENTURY AND INDUSTRIALIZATION WAS DEVELOPING WITH TREMENDOUS RHYTHMS,ESPECIALLY IN USA,THE OLD MONARCHIC INSTITUTIONS AT EUROPE WERE FEELING THE THREAT OF THE COMING CHANGES,TO A MORE LOGICAL AND JUST DISTRIBUTION OF GOODS AND KNOWLEDGE.

THE TWO WORLD WARS,EXPRESSING THE DEFENSE OF OLIGARCHIC IDEOLOGIES TO THESE CHANGES WHICH HUMANITY NEEDED, HAD AS A RESULT ON THE ECONOMIC FIELD,THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MARXIST AND NEOCLASSICAL,KEYNESIAN IDEAS AT THE GLOBE,WITH SOME EXCEPTIONS OF PROTECTIONISM.
THE KEYNESIAN THEORIES(CLASSIC,POST,NEO),BASICALLY ARE EXAMINING ECONOMIES FROM A MACRO ENVIRONMENT, BY INTERFERING PUBLIC GUIDANCE,TOGETHER WITH PRIVATE SECTOR INTO MANAGEMENT OF ECONOMY ,FOLLOWING COUNTER-CYCLICAL FISCAL POLICIES (JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money 1936,MILTON FRIEDMAN).
AT THE SAME TIME THEORIES HAVING THEIR FOUNDATIONS ON CLASSICAL ECONOMICS,COMBINED WITH RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY ,IN A MICROECONOMICS LEVEL,WERE DEVELOPING THE IDEA OF HOMO ECONOMICUS IN AN ECONOMETRIC OPTION ,FORMED THE NEO-CLASSICAL ECONOMICS (WILLIAM STANLEY JEVONS Theory of Political Economy (1871),THORSTEIN VEBEL Preconceptions of Economic Science,JOHN HICKS,STIGLER,JOAN ROBINSON The Economics of Imperfect Competition (1933) ...).
THESE MIXED WITH THE KEYNESIAN IDEAS ARE STRUCTURING THE MODERN THOUGHTS ,CALLED THE NEO-CLASSICAL SYNTHESIS OF MAINSTREAM ECONOMICS (Economics of 1948, by Samuelson and Nordhaus).
THE MARXISTS ON THE OTHER SIDE WERE DIVIDED IN MARXIST- LENIST,SOCIALISTIC,COMMUNISTIC,ETC IDEAS ,WHICH WERE IMPLEMENTED MAINLY TO THE NEW REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRATIC STATES,OR THESE OF THE SO CALLED SOCIALISTIC-COMMUNISTIC REGIMES,HAVING AS A MAIN IDEOLOGY THE TOTAL INFLUENCE AND GOVERNANCE OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE FROM THE STATE.
BEFORE THE COLLAPSE OF THE COMMUNISTIC REGIMES,AND MAINLY BEGINNING DURING NEW ECONOMIC POLICY AT USSR IMPLEMENTED BY LENIN (Karl Kautsky etc), NEO-MARXISTIC IDEAS WERE DEVELOPED AT WESTERN COUNTRIES (HERBERT MARKUZE,MARX WEBER,ANTONIO GRAMSCI..),WHICH RE-FOCUSED THE EVALUATION OF THE HUMAN'S LIFE FROM THE ECONOMIC PRODUCTION FIELD TO THAT ONE OF BUILDING QUALITY ENVIRONMENTS IN THE SOCIETY (ANARCHISTS,CULTURAL,HUMANISM,STRUCTURAL,ANALYTICAL,CRITICAL ETC).
ALL THESE FORMATIONS BASED AND MIXED WITH ADVANCED MATHEMATICS (POSSIBILITY THEORY,LINEAR PROGRAMMING,GAME THEORY ETC),SOCIOLOGY,PSYCHOLOGY AND OTHER SCIENCES ARE TRYING TO EXAMINE AND GUESS THE BEHAVIOR OF SYSTEMS (MARKETS,PRODUCTION,TRADE,AGRICULTURE ETC)AND THEIR EFFECTS TO OUR LIVES AND STATES.
FROM THE SCIENTIFIC POINT OF VIEW THAT LEVEL OF THINKING HAS CONTRIBUTED UP TO A SPECIFIC EPIPEDO FOR ORGANIZING SOCIAL LIFE.
A LOT OF STUDIES HAVE TO BE DONE FOR THE EVALUATION OF THESE IDEAS,BUT THAT WAY OF ECONOMETRIC OR HOMO ECONOMICUS OPTION HAS COME TO A LIMIT.

SOURCES
A)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxism
B)http://www.marxists.org/archive/bax/1896/10/kautsky.htm
C)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoclassical_economics
D)http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/KeynesianEconomics.html

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